A Modified Algorithm for the Computation of the Covariance Matrix Implied by a Structural Recursive Model with Latent Variables Using the Finite Iterative Method

  • M'barek Iaousse Ibn Tofail University
  • Amal Hmimou
  • Zouhair El Hadri
  • Yousfi El Kettani
Keywords: Structural Equation Modeling, Latent Variable, Path Analysis, Covariance Matrix, Finite Iterative Method


Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) is a statistical technique that assesses a hypothesized causal model byshowing whether or not, it fits the available data. One of the major steps in SEM is the computation of the covariance matrix implied by the specified model. This matrix is crucial in estimating the parameters, testing the validity of the model and, make useful interpretations. In the present paper, two methods used for this purpose are presented: the J¨oreskog’s formula and the finite iterative method. These methods are characterized by the manner of the computation and based on some apriori assumptions. To make the computation more simplistic and the assumptions less restrictive, a new algorithm for the computation of the implied covariance matrix is introduced. It consists of a modification of the finite iterative method. An illustrative example of the proposed method is presented. Furthermore, theoretical and numerical comparisons between the exposed methods with the proposed algorithm are discussed and illustrated


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How to Cite
Iaousse, M., Hmimou, A., El Hadri, Z., & El Kettani, Y. (2020). A Modified Algorithm for the Computation of the Covariance Matrix Implied by a Structural Recursive Model with Latent Variables Using the Finite Iterative Method. Statistics, Optimization & Information Computing, 8(2), 359-373. https://doi.org/10.19139/soic-2310-5070-937
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